The modern day Internet has now been in existence for approximately 25 years as the WEB which is the Internet across borders celebrates its 25th year
Black female inventor alleges her claims go back to the beginning of the modern day Internet , first called the Information Superhighway by Al Gore
This website is not to be confused with “Web 2.0″ .
Web 1.0 being referred to in Wikipedia as a retronym referring to the first stage of the World Wide Web’s evolution. Nor is it to be confused with Internet 2 which has a copyrighted logo and is listed as a not for profit corporation , Formation in 1997 (as University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development). It’s Purpose Research and testing network , Headquarters Ann Arbor, Michigan, US , Website internet2.edu . There are many names and technicians involved in the development of the Internet .
“Technology built it , the federal government funded it , but it was my imagination that created it “, alleges the inventor . Dorothy M. Hartman whose name is no where mentioned in the written history or development of the Internet claims that she played a major role in its development in that her conception(s) were used and are the reasons why the Internet as we know it exists . Her involvement in Internet 2 which some view as the Internet that debuted after 1990 started before the Internet 2 was created . The commercialization of the telecom networks 1990-1993 is what produced Internet 2 or the modern day Internet . Her ideas were used to create the transformation from an Internet (1) based on the ARPANET to the modern day Internet .
The NSFNET which was the precursor to the modern day Internet as it was the place where the previous telecom structures based on the ARPANET had been parked when the ‘Internet 1′ previously referred to as the internetting projects were retired . This inventor presented her proposals the first one submitted in March 1990 to the U.S. Small Business Administration or SBA– showing how telecom was underutilized and on how commercializing telecom would change the U.S. economy and the world .
Hartman who alleges that the transformation from the previous structures of the Internet to the ever evolving Internet of today which is able to expand and cross borders as long as Internet Service Providers can carry the data packets is the direct result of ideas which she submitted to the federal government’s funding programs. The NSF or National Science Foundation is the ultimate recipient of such proposals to determine whether funding will be awarded .
Hartman alleges that she knew that her ideas were good and the amount of wealth that could be generated by commercializing the telecom networks . After her proposals were reviewed by a number of federal government employees in the Small Business Innovation Research [ SBIR] program(s) – they all declined giving her any grants or loans [ see document below from the Benjamin Franklin Technology Center] , but she alleges that they began using her information almost immediately . She wrote a letter to the U.S. Small Business Administration asking that her proprietary information not be given to others for their profit and gain because she sensed that she was being discriminated against . She wrote the letter because she felt as though if she would not be given a chance then others should not be given the opportunity to profit from her proprietary information .
“It was just plain wrong what they did and it is still wrong “Hartman says that is exactly what was done . That is after her letter was received – the decision was made by the National Science Foundation to claim credit for the ideas and to apply them to the NSFNET or what was left of Internet 1 or the Internetting Projects. They literally took my ideas and gave credit and opportunity to those already in the field to prosper There was just one thing wrong with that , she was and has been completely omitted from the process . She was aware of the growing interest in her ideas but she alleges for the usual reasons that a government based on oppressive and institutionalized racism towards Blacks refused to grant her funding even as the SBA published her proprietary information in its new business ideas manuals and the NSF rushed to commercialize the networks . The critical change to transform the networks and make them commercial was made here , spearheaded by Merit Network of Ann Arbor , Michigan the recognized home of Internet 2
However the National Science Foundation very much aware of the profit potential and especially alleges Hartman after her letter to the SBA financial officer – that it essentially stole her ideas to transform and revitalize the prior telecom structure(s).
Above you will find documents of Hartman’s Certified Letter delivered to the SBA on November 13 , 1990 ( a copy of this letter as well as other documents can be found on the USPTO.gov website in the Image File Wrapper showing various steps in the prosecution of the patent application No. 11003123 , the Accessing Accessibility Process ). When reduced to practice this process comprises the modern day Internet . Today’s Internet is not the same as the pre -1990 version of the Internet .
Whether you call it the Information Superhighway , Internet 2 , or just plain Internet – today’s version is very different from the version based on the Arpanet which came before . Further you see here copies of documents taken directly from minutes of a meeting by the Science Committee Meeting in the U.S. House of Representatives- March 12 , 1992 ( See excerpt from that meeting quoted in Hartman’s Brief before the USPTO ).
The documents above show DECISION C and DECISION D announcing that the NSFNET through its formation of the ANS consortium consisting of Merit Networks of Ann Arbor , Michigan , IBM , MCI and others “in essence , we have privatized the NSFnet”. A few paragraphs above on that same page 5 , under Conclusion – you will see that this was done without disclosing it to the public .
Hartman alleges that was the first time the seized her intellectual property regarding the Internet, the second when it denied what should have been a prima facie case for a patent .
In the paragraph at the bottom of that page 5 , you will find a paragraph that begins with ‘In November of 1990 , ANS’s president claimed in a public talk at a Harvard workshop …. Hartman says that those ideas came more from University of Pennsylvania (as she is a Penn graduate ) than Harvard . She alleges that this November 1990 announcement came from the ANS an organization formed by the NSF on the heels of her letter to the Small Business Administration which put into writing that her ideas were not to be shared after being denied funding herself .
“The government through the National Science Foundation walked all over my rights and has continued to do ever since .” Before her ideas were reviewed by the government Commerce had been banned on the majority of the telecom networks . On the page showing excerpts from the SCIENCE , SPACE , AND TECHNOLOGY -U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES- you can read comments by attendees regarding the 1 to 2 percent traffic of commercial traffic that was allowed at the time and the meeting itself occurred in March 1992 . The new Internet or Internet 2 did not make its real debut until around 1993-1994 and even then was called the Information Superhighway .
Hartman alleges that it was no coincidence that the NSF/ANS announcement about commercializing the telecom networks came in November 1990 , about the same time as Hartman’s letter to the SBA asking them not to share her proprietary information to others for their profit and gain . Hartman alleges, “They were no fools . They saw the wealth potential in my proposals and how this would enhance the economy . They took the ideas and applied them directly to the NSFNET transforming what had become failed networks into a seamlessly integrated stucture like the Internet of today based on the concepts that I presented but they were too prejudiced to provide me with the $25,000-$35,000 that I asked for to start my telecom services business . They were too accustomed to holding back the advancement of colored people(s) is why I wrote the letter to the SBA asking that my intellectual property not be shared or given to others for their credit and prosperity . That is precisely what was done after my November 1990 letter to the Small Business Administration . The NSF used the ideas to revitalize the NSFNET which was nothing more than a holding place for the retired network(s) based on the ARPANET. ”
The government declared ‘commercialization of the internet’ as its own idea(s) in Decision C and Decision D as recorded in the minutes of that Science Committee meeting in the House of Representatives in March 1992.
The Inventor says to this day the federal government has never funded my small business or any of my inventions or projects . Additionally other inventions for which I filed patent applications in the USPTO have gone down the “rabbit hole” . ” Exploiting my small entity status which in this case is synonymous with black , female , disabled and financial hardship – they have continously exploited my creativity – by enabling the theft of my intellectual property by the U.S. government and rich corporations without compensating me . I am black and disabled and therefore not good enough to earn millions or perhaps billions of dollars from my own intellectual property – but I an apparently good enough for them to steal my intellectual property and call it theirs . There is a paper trail of over a two year correspondence between those in the Small Business Innovation Research Program and myself. Yet now that the Internet has proven an overwhelming success which has made those already in the field very rich and the government exceedingly powerful – they pretend I do not exist. It is not only unjust but blasphemous .”